Geography

Model your Preparation in 3 Stages with us for guaranteed success !!

 

 

Our Features includes:

  • ​Timely alert on study schedules
  • Analysis of Last year Papers
  • 24 x 7 Mentor Support
  • Unique Study Planner
  • Assign Rating to preparation
  • Performance Monitoring through Dashboard

Syllabus Covered as per prescribed UPSC Syllabus
Prescribed UPSC Syllabus Topics Covered Subtopics Covered (Theory, MCQs, Subjective Ques.)
Salient features of world's physical geography, Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Solar System,  The Earth, Climatology, Oceanography

Solar System: Origin of Universe, Theory on origin of Solar System /Earth, Planets, Other Objects, Regularities of the Solar System, The Star, The Sun, Geological Time Scale of Earth. 

The Earth: Geological structure of Earth, Rocks, Earthquake, Earth's Magnetic Field, Eclipse, Continental Drift Theory, Seafloor Spreading Theory, Plate Tectonic Theory, Volcanic Activity, Tsunami. 

Climatology: Latitude and Longitude, Earth Atmosphere, Temperature Belt of Earth, Heat Budget of Earth, Insolation Budget of Earth, Pressure Belt, Planetary wind, Air Mass, and Air front, Clouds, Rainfall, World Climate, Cyclone.

Oceanography: Ocean Current, Salinity, Ocean floor Profile.

Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India) Location of Industries Location of Industries: Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world
World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World Indian Indian Geography, World Geography

Indian Geography: General Facts, Physio-graphic division of India, Drainage System, Hydro Project, Indian climate, Soils of India, Forest, Industry, Agriculture, Mineral, Transport, and Communication.

World Geography: Physical Geography, Major Industry Centre, Mineral Resources. 


Free Registration and Login to access Content.

 

 

  ₹ 4499
Hurry! Offer valid for limited period.

Syllabus for Prelims Exam ("Geography" Highlighted Yellow)

Syllabus of PRELIMS Paper I (200 marks) Duration : 2 hours

  • Current events of national and international importance History of India and Indian National Movement Indian.

  • World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World Indian

  • Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  • Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization

  • General Science 

Syllabus for Mains Exam ("Geography" Highlighted Yellow)

General Studies paper -1    (Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)  250 Marks

HISTORY

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

  • The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

WORLD HISTORY

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

SOCIOLOGY

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role of women and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

  • Effects of globalization on Indian society

  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

GEOGRAPHY

  • Salient features of world's physical geography.

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Last 8 Year Prelims Question asked from Geography Subject (Year Wise)

2018

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  7/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 14 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

1.  Consider the following statements :

1. In India, State Governments do not have the power to auction non-coal mines.

2. Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand do not have gold mines.

3. Rajasthan has iron ore mines.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 3 only

 

2. Which one of the following is an artificial lake?

(a) Kodaikanal (Tamil Nadu)

(b) Kolleru (Andhra Pradesh)

(c) Nainital (Uttarakhand)

(d) Renuka (Himachal Pradesh)

 

3. With reference to agricultural soils, consider the following statements:

1. A high content of organic matter in soil drastically reduces its water holding capacity.

2. Soil does not play any role in the sulphur cycle.

3. Irrigation over a period of time can contribute to the salinization of some agricultural lands.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

4. Consider the following statements:

1. The Barren Island volcano is an active volcano located in the Indian territory.

2. Barren Island lies about 140 km east of Great Nicobar.

3. The last time the Barren lsland volcano erupted was in 1991 and it has remained inactive since them.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 only

(d) 1 and 3

 

5. Consider the following statements:

1. The Earth’s magnetic field has reversed every few hundred thousand years.

2. When the Earth was created more than 4000 million years ago, there was 54% oxygen and no carbon dioxide.

3. When living organisms originated, they modified the early atmosphere of the Earth.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

 

6 . Which of the following has/have shrunk immensely/dried up in the recent past due to human activities?

1. Aral Sea

2. Black Sea

3. Lake Baikal

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 2 only

(d) 1 and 3

 

7..Among the following cities, which one lies on a longitude closest to that of Delhi?

(a)Bengaluru

(b)Hyderabad

(c)Nagpur

(d)Pune

 

2017

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  7/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 14 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

 

1.With reference to river Teesta, consider the following statements :

1.The source of river Teesta is the same as that of Brahmaputra but it flows through Sikkim.

2.River Rangeet originates in Sikkim and it is a tributary of river Teesta.

3.River Teesta flows into Bay of Bengal on the border of India and Bangladesh.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

(a)1 and 3 only

(b)2 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)1, 2 and 3

 

2.Mediterranean Sea is a border of which of the following countries?

1.Jordan

2.Iraq

3.Lebanon

4.Syria

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a)1, 2 and 3 only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c)3 and 4 only

(d)1, 3 and 4 only

 

3.Which of the following is geographically closest to Great Nicobar?

(a)Sumatra

(b)Borneo

(c)Java

(d)Sri Lanka

 

4. From the ecological point of view, which one of the following assumes importance in being a good link between the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats ?

(a)Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

(b)Nallamala Forest

(c)Nagarhole National Park

(d)Seshachalam Biosphere Reserve

 

5.Consider the following statements:

1.In India, the Himalayas are spread over five States only.

2.Western Ghats are spread over five States only.

3.Pulicat Lake is spread over two States only.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 and 2 only

(b)3 only

(c)2 and 3 only

(d)l and 3only

 

6.If you travel by road from Kohima to Kottayam, what is the minimum number of States within India through which you can travel, including the origin and the destination?

(a)6

(b)7

(c)8

(d)9

 

Anchor7. At one of the places in India, if you stand on the seashore and watch the sea, you will find that the sea water recedes from the shore line a few kilometres and comes back to the shore. twice a day, and you can actually walk on the sea floor when the water recedes. This unique phenomenon is seen at

(a)Bhavnagar

(b)Bheemunipatnam

(c)Chandipur

(d)Nagapattinam

 

2016

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  10/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 20 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

 

1. The term ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contributions’ is sometimes seen in the news in thecontext of

1 .Pledges made by the European countries to rehabilitate refugees from the war-affected Middle East

2. Plan of action outlined by the countries of the world to combat climate change

3. Capital contributed by the member countries in the establishment of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

4. PLAN of action outlined by the countries of the world regarding Sustainable Development Goal

 

2.Which of the following is/are tributary/tributaries of Brahmaputra?

1. Dibang            

2. Kameng          

3. Lohit

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

3. Consider the following pairs:

Terms sometimes seen in the news                       Their origin

1.Annex-I Countries                                 :               Cartagena protocol

2.Certified Emissions Reductions            :               Nagoya protocol

3.Clean Development Mechanism           :               Kyoto Protocol

 Which of the pairs given above is / are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only             

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

4. Which of the following best describes/describe the aim of ‘Green India Mission’ of the Government of India?

1. Incorporating environmental benefits and costs into the Union and State Budgets thereby implementing the ‘green accounting’

2. Launching the second green revolution to enhance agricultural output so as to ensure food security to one and all in the future

3. Restoring and enhancing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only             

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

5.What is ‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol’?

1. It is an international accounting tool for government and business leaders to understand, quantify and manage greenhouse gas emissions

2. It is an initiative of the United Nations to offer financial incentives to developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to adopt eco-friendly technologies

3. It is an inter-governmental agreement ratified by all the member countries of the United Nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to specified levels by the year 2022

4. It is one of the multilateral REDD+ initiatives hosted by the World Bank

 

6.Which of the following are the key features of ‘National Ganga River basin Authority (NGRBA)?

1.River basin is the unit of planning and management.

2.It spearheads the river conservation efforts at the national level.

3.One of the Chief Ministers of the States through which the Ganga flows becomes the Chairman of NGBRA on rotation basis.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

7.In which of the following regions of India are shale gas resources found?

1.Cambay Basin

2.Cauvery Basin

3.Krishna-Godavari Basin

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only            

(c) 2 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

8.Consider the following statements:

1. The International Solar Alliance was launched at the United Nations Climate Change Conference in 2015.

2. The Alliance includes all the member countries of the United Nations.

Which if the Statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

9.Recently, linking of which of the following rivers was undertaken?

(a)Cauvery and Tungabhadra.

(b)Godavari and Krishna

(c)Mahanadi and Sone

(d)Narmada and Tapti

 

10. With reference to the Agreement at the UNFCCC meeting in Paris in 2015, which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. The agreement was signed by all the member countries of the UN and it will go into effect in 2017.

2. The agreement aims to limit the greenhouse gas emissions so that the rise in average global temperature by the end of this century does not exceed 2 oC or even 1.5 oC above pre-industrial levels.

3. Developed countries acknowledged their historical responsibility in global warming and committed to donate $1000 billion a year from 2020 to help developing countries to cope with climate change.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 3 only

(b) 2 only            

(c) 2 and 3 only 

(d) 1,2 and 3

2015

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  13/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 26 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

 

1. In the South Atlantic and South-Eastern Pacific regions in tropical latitudes, cyclone does not originate. What is the reason?

(a)Sea surface temperature are low

(b)Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone seldom occurs

(c)Coriolis force is too weak

(d)Absence of land in those regions

 

2. Which one of the following pairs of States of India indicates the eastern most and western most State?

(a)Assam and Rajasthan

(b)Arunachal Pradesh and Rajasthan

(c)Assam and Gujarat

(d)Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat

 

3.What explains the eastward flow of the equatorial counter-current?

(a)The Earth’s rotation on its axis

(b)Convergence of the two equatorial currents

(c)Difference in salinity of water

(d)Occurrence of the belt of calm near the equator

 

4.Consider the following rivers:

1. Vamsadhara 

2. Indravati        

3. Pranahita       

4. Pennar

Which of the above are tributaries of Godavari?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only            

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only           

(c) 1, 2 and 4 only            

(d) 2 and 3 only

 

5.The term ‘Goldilocks Zone’ is often seen in the news in the context of

(a) The limits of habitable zone above the surface of the Earth

(b) Regions inside the Earth where shale gas is available

(c) Search for the Earth-like planets in outer space

(d) Search for meteorites containing precious metals

 

6.Consider the following statements:

  1. The winds which blow between 300N and 600S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.

  2. The moist air masses that cause winter rains in North-Western region of India are part of westerlies.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

7.Tides occur in the oceans and seas due to which among the following?

1.Gravitational force of the Sun

2.Gravitational force of the Moon

3.Centrifugal force of the Earth

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

8. Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea?

(a)Syria

(b) Jordan          

(c) Lebanon       

(d) Israel

 

9. Each day is more or less the same, the morning is clear and bright with a sea breeze; as the Sun climbs high in the sky, heat mounts up, dark clouds form, then rain comes with thunder and lightning. But rain is soon over.”

Which of the following regions is described in the above passage?

(a)Savannah      

(b) Equatorial    

(c) Monsoon     

(d) Mediterranean

 

10. Which one of the following is associated with the issue of control and phasing out of the use of ozone-depleting substances?

(a)Bretton Woods Conference

(b)Montreal Protocol

(c)Kyoto Protocol

(d)Nagoya Protocol

 

11.Which of the following statements regarding ‘Green Climate Fund’ is/are correct?

  1. It is intended to assist the developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change.

  2. It is founded under the aegis of UNEP, OECD, Asian Development Bank and World Bank.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

12.‘BioCarbon Fund Initiative for Sustainable Forest Landscapes’ is managed by the

(a)Asian Development Bank

(b)International Monetary Fund

(c)United Nations Environment Programme

(d)World Bank

 

13. With reference to ‘Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. It is a global partnership of governments, businesses, civil society and indigenous peoples.

  2. It provides financial aid to universities, individual scientists and institutions involved in scientific forestry research to develop eco-friendly and climate adaptation technologies for sustainable forest management.

  3. It assists the countries in their ‘REDD + (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation+) efforts by providing them with financial and technical assistance

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

2014

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  12/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 24 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

 

1.Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?

1.Continental drift

2.Glacial cycles

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

2.The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristics of

(a) Equatorial climate    

(b) Mediterranean climate

(c) Monsoon climate

(d) All of the above climates

 

3. Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the “Ten Degree Channel”?

(a)Andaman and Nicobar

(b)Nicobar ad Sumatra

(c)Maldives and Lakshadweep

(d)Sumatra and Java

 

4.Consider the following rivers:

1.Barak

2. Lohit

3. Subansiri

 Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3.

 

5.Turkey is located between

(a)Black Sea and Caspian Sea

(b)Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea

(c)Gulf of Suez and Mediterranean Sea

(d)Gulf of Aqaba and Dead Sea.

 

6. What is the correct sequence of occurrence of the following cities in South-East Asia as one proceeds from south to north?

1.Bangkok          

2. Hanoi               

3. Jakarta            

4. Singapore

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 4 – 2 – 1 – 3 

(b) 3 – 2 – 4 – 1

(c) 3 – 4 – 1 – 2 

(d) 4 – 3 – 2 – 1

 

7.Consider the following pairs:

Region often in news              Country

1.Chechnya                         : Russian Federation

2.Darfur                               : Mali

3.Swat Valley                      : Iraq

Which of the above pairs is / are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

8. With reference to two non-conventional energy sources called ‘coalbed methane’ and ‘shale gas’, consider the following statements:

  1. Coalbed methane is the pure methane gas extracted from coal seams, while shale gas is a mixture of propane and butane only that can be extracted from fine-grained sedimentary rocks.

  2. In India, abundant coalbed methane sources exist, but so far no shale gas sources have been found.

Which of the statements given above is /are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

9.Consider the following pairs:

        Hills                                        Region

1.Cardamom Hills              :               Coromandel Coast

2.Kaimur Hills                     :               Konkan Coast

3.Mahadeo Hills                  :               Central India

4.Mikir Hills                         :               North-East India

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2          

(b) 2 and 3          

(c) 3 and 4          

(d) 2 and 4

 

10. Consider the following pairs:

Region                                  well-known for the production of

1.Kinnaur             :                               Areca nut

2.Mewat              :                               Mango

3.Coromandel   :                               Soya bean

Which of the above pairs is / are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only            

(c) 1, 2 and 3      

(d) None

 

11. Consider the following pairs:

National Highway             Cities connected

1.NH 4                   :               Chennai and Hyderabad

2.NH 6                   :               Mumbai and Kolkata

3.NH 15                :               Ahmedabad and Jodhpur

 Which of the above pairs is / are correctly matched?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only            

(c) 1, 2 and 3      

(d) None

 

12. The scientific view is that the increase in global temperature should not exceed 2o C above pre- industrial level. If the global temperature increases beyond 30C above the pre-industrial level, what can be its possible impact / impacts on the world?

  1. Terrestrial biosphere tends toward a net carbon source.

  2. Widespread coral mortality will occur.

  3. All the global wetlands will permanently disappear.

  4. Cultivation of cereals will not be possible anywhere in the world.

 Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2,3 and 4 only             

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

2013

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  14/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 28 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

 

1.The most important fishing grounds of the world are found in the regions where

(a)warm and cold atmospheric currents meet

(b)rivers drain out large amounts of freshwater into the sea

(c)warm and cold oceanic currents meet

(d)continental shelf is undulating

 

2. The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is/are the reason/reasons?

1.Thermal difference between land and water.

2.Variation in altitude between continents and oceans.

3.Presence of strong winds in the interior.

4.Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only            

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

3.Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct?

1.They are generally red in colour.

2.They are rich in nitrogen and potash.

3They are well-developed in Rajasthan and UP.

4.Tapioca and cashew nuts grow well in these soils.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only            

(b) 2, 3 and 4 only           

(c) 1 and 4 only 

(d) 2 and 3 only

 

4.Consider the following statements:

1.Natural gas occurs in the Gondwana beds.

2.Mica occurs in abundance in Kodarma.

3.Dharwars are famous for petroleum.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2          

(b) 2 only            

(c) 2 and 3          

(d) None

 

5. “Climate is extreme, rainfall is scanty and the people used to be nomadic herders”. The above statement best describes which of the following regions?

(a) African Savannah     

(b) Central Asian Steppe

(c) North American Prairie          

(d) Siberian Tundra

 

6.During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the

  1. Meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky

  2. Lightening that separates the nimbus clouds

  3. Violent upward movement of air and water particles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

 (a) 1 only           

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3          

(d) None of the above produces the thunder

 

7. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

 Geographical Feature                                     Region

 (a)         Abyssinian Plateau             :               Arabia

(b)          Atlas Mountains                  :               North-Western Africa

(c)           Guiana Highlands               :               South-Western Africa

(d)          Okavango Basin                  :               Patagonia

 

8.Variations in the length of daytime and nighttime from season to season are due to

(a) The earth’s rotation on its axis

(b) The earth’s revolution around the sun in an elliptical manner

(c) Latitudinal position of the place

(d) Revolution of the earth on a tilted axis

 

9. The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?

  1. It occupies a linear rift valley.

  2. It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.

  3. The land slopes to the west from Central India.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) None

 

10. On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion

(a) Is found in atmosphere as moisture and clouds

(b) Is found in freshwater lakes and rivers

(c) Exists as groundwater

(d) Exists as soil moisture

 

11.Consider the following pairs:

1.Nokrek Biospher Reserve           :              Garo Hills

2.Logtak (Loktak) Lake                   :               Barail Range

3.Namdapha National Park             :               Dafla Hills

 Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3      

(d) None

 

12.Consider the following:

1.Electromagnetic radiation

2.Geothermal energy

3.Gravitational force

4.Plate movements

5.Rotation of the earth

6.Revolution of the earth

Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the earth?

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 only       

(b) 1, 3, 5 and 6 only

(c) 2, 4, 5 and 6  only

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6

 

13.Which of the following is/are the characteristic/characteristics of Indian Coal?

1.High ash content

2.Low sulphur content

3.Low ash fusion temperature

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only            

(c) 1 and 3 only 

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

14.Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in

(a) Desert margins, liable to strong wind action

(b) Low flat plains, close to stream courses, liable to flooding

(c) Scrublands, liable to spread of weed growth

(d) None of the above

 

2012

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  14/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 28 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

1. A person stood alone in a desert on a dark night and wanted to reach his village which was situated 5 km east of the point where he was standing. He had no instruments to find the direction but he located the polestar. The most convenient way now to reach his village is to walk in the

(a) Direction facing the polestar

(b) Direction opposite to the polestar

(c) Direction keeping the polestar to his left

(d) Direction keeping the polestar to his right

 

2.Consider the following statements:

1.The duration of the monsoon decreases from southern Indian to northern India

2.The amount of annual rainfall in the northern plains of India decreases from east to west

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

3.Which one of the following is the characteristic climate of the Tropical Savannah Region?

(a)Rainfall throughout the year

(b)Rainfall in winter only

(c)An extremely short dry season

(d)A definite dry and wet season

 

4. Which of the following is/are cited by the scientists as evidence/evidences for the continued expansion of universe?

  1. Detection of microwaves in space

  2. Observation of redshift phenomenon is space

  3. Movement of asteroids in space

  4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2          

(b) 2 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4      

(d) None of the above can be cited as evidence

 

5. Electrically charged particles from space travelling at speeds of several hundred km/sec can severely harm living beings if they reach the surface of the Earth. What prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth?

  1. The Earth’s magnetic field diverts them towards its poles

  2. Ozone layer around the Earth reflects them back to outer space

  3. Moisture in the upper layers of atmosphere prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth

  4. None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct

 

6.A particular State in India has the following characteristics:

  1. It is located on the same latitude which passes through northern Rajasthan.

  2. It has over 80% of its area under forest cover.

  3. Over 12% of forest cover constitutes Protected Areas Network in this State.

Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh  

(b) Assam

(c) Himachal Pradesh     

(d) Uttarakhand

 

7.Consider the following factors:

1. Rotation of the Earth

2. Air Pressure and wind

3. Density of ocean water           

4. Revolution of the Earth

Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 3     

(c) 1 and 4          

(d) 2, 3 and 4

 

8.When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following:

1. Deep gorges 

2. U-turn river courses

3. Parallel mountain ranges        

4. Steep gradients causing land sliding

Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1, 2 and 4 only           

(c) 3 and 4 only 

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

9. Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface, because

1. The atmosphere can be heated upwards only from the Earth’s surface

2. There is more moisture in the upper atmosphere

3. The air is less dense in the upper atmosphere

 Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

10. Which of the following sets of elements was primarily responsible for the origin of life on the Earth?

(a)Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sodium

(b)Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen

(c)Oxygen, Calcium, Phosphorus

(d)Carbon, Hydrogen, Potassium

 

11. A team of scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory including those from India created the heaviest anti-matter (anti-helium nucleus). What is/are the implication/ implications of the creation of anti-matter?

1.It will make mineral prospecting and oil exploration easier and cheaper.

2.It will help probe the possibility of the existence of stars and galaxies made of anti-matter.

3.It will help understand the evolution of the universe.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 only             

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

12. The increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the air is slowly raising the temperature of the atmosphere because it absorbs

(a) The water vapour of the air and retains its heat

(b) The ultraviolet part of the solar radiation

(c) All the solar radiations

(d) The infrared part of the solar radiation

 

113. Consider the following statements:

STATEMENT ;Chlorofluorocarbons, known as ozone-depleting substances, are used

1. In the production of plastic foams

2. In the production of tubeless tyres

3. In cleaning certain electronic components

4. As pressurizing agents in aerosol cans

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only            

(b) 4 only            

(c) 1, 3 and 4 only            

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

14.Consider the following agricultural practices:

1. Contour bunding        

2.Relay cropping

3. Zero tillage

In the context of global climate change, which of the above helps/help in carbon sequestration/storage in the soil?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 3 only            

(c) 1, 2 and 3      

(d) None of them

 

2011

Total Number of  Questions asked from Geography  11/100:

Total Marks allotted to Geography is 22 Marks / 200 Total Marks.

 

1. La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from EI Nino?

  1. La Nina is characterized by unusually cold ocean temperature in equatorial Indian Ocean whereas EI Nino is characterized by unusually warm ocean temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

  2. EI Nino has adverse effect on south-west monsoon of India, but La Nina has no effect on monsoon climate

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

2. Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why?

1.Southern hemisphere has less landmass as compared to northern hemisphere.

2.Coriolis force is higher in southern hemisphere as compared to northern hemisphere

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

3.What could be the main reason/reasons for the formation of African and Eurasian desert belt?

1.It is located in the sub-tropical high pressure cells.

2.It is under the influence of warm ocean currents.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

4. The jet aircrafts fly very easily and smoothly in the lower stratosphere. What could be the appropriate explanation?

1.There are no clouds or water vapour in the lower stratosphere

2.There are no vertical winds in the lower stratosphere.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

5.What is the difference between asteroids and comets?

  1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material

  2. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.

  3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.

 Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 3 only             

(d) 1, 2 and 3

 

6.A layer in the Earth’s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why?

1.The presence of ozone causes the reflection of radio waves to Earth.

2.Radio waves have a very long wavelength.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1only             

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

7. Between India and East Asia, the navigation-time and distance can be greatly reduced by which of the following?

1.Deepening the Malacca straits between Malaysia and Indonesia.

2.Opening a new canal across the Kra isthmus between the Gulf of Siam and Andaman Sea.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only            

(b) 2 only            

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

8. The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U” turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to

(a)Uplift of folded Himalayan series

(b)Syntaxial bending of geologically young Himalayas

(c)Geo-tectonic disturbance in the tertiary folded mountain chains

(d)Both (a) and (b)

 

9.A state in India has the following characteristics

1. Its northern part is arid and semi-arid

2.Its central part produces cotton.

3.Cultivation of cash crops is predominant over food crops.

Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics?

(a) Andhra Pradesh        

(b) Gujarat

(c) Karnataka    

(d) Tamil Nadu

 

10. The formation of ozone hole in the Antarctic region has been a cause of concern. What could be the reason for the formation of this hole?

  1. Presence of prominent tropospheric turbulence; and inflow of chlorofluorocarbons.

  2. Presence of prominent polar front and stratospheric clouds; and inflow of chlorofluorocarbons

  3. (c)Absenceof     polarfrontand    stratosphericclouds;andinflow   ofmethaneand chlorofluorocarbons

  4. Increased temperature at polar region due to global warming.

 

11.Regarding ‘carbon credits”, which one of the following statements is not correct?

  1. The carbon credit system was ratified in conjunction with the Kyoto Protocol

  2. Carbon credits are awarded to countries or groups that have reduced greenhouse gases below their emission quota

  3. The goal of the carbon credit system is to limit the increase of carbon dioxide emission.

  4. Carbon credits are traded at a price fixed from time to time by the United Nations Environment Programme.

Last 8 Year Mains Question asked from Geography Subject (Year Wise)

2018

Total Questions 7 /20: 3 Qs. of 15 Marks, 4 Qs. of 10 Marks.

Total Marks allotted to Polity is 85 Marks / 250 Total Marks.

Q. 1 

Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation?

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 2

Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics.

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 3 

What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem?

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 4 

Why is India taking keen interest in resources of Arctic Region?

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 5 

Define blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India.

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

Q. 6 

What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identify industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics.

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

Q. 7 

 “The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas?

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

2017

Total Questions 9 /20: 5 Qs. of 15 Marks, 4 Qs. of 10 Marks.

Total Marks allotted to Polity is 115 Marks / 250 Total Marks.

Q. 1 

How does the Juno Mission of NASA help to understand the origin and evolution of the Earth?

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 2 

In spite of adverse environmental impact, coal mining is still inevitable for development.” Discuss.

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 3 

Mention the advantages of the cultivation of pulse because of which the year 2016 was declared as the International Year of Pulses by the United Nations.

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 4 

How does the cryosphere affect global climate?

(150 Words, 10 Marks)

Q. 5 

Account for variations in oceanic salinity and discuss its multi-dimensional effects.

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

Q. 6 

In what way can flood be converted into a sustainable source of irrigation and all-weather inland navigation in India?

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

Q. 7 

What characteristics can be assigned to monsoon climate that succeeds in feeding more than 50 percent of the won population residing in Monsoon Asia?

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

Q. 8 

Petroleum refineries are not necessarily located nearer to crude oil producing areas, particularly in many of the developing countries. Explain its implications.

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

Q. 9 

The growth of cities as I.T. hubs has opened up new avenues employment but has also created new problems. Substantiate this statement with examples.

(250 Words, 15 Marks)

2016

Total Questions 6 /20: 6 Qs. of 12.5 Marks, 0 Qs. of 10 Marks.

Total Marks allotted to Polity is 75 Marks / 250 Total Marks.

 

Q. 1 

 Discuss the concept of air mass and explain its role in macro-climatic changes.

(200 Words, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 2 

 “The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation.

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 3 

 The effective management of land and water resources will drastically reduce the human miseries. Explain.      

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 4 

. Major cities of India are becoming more vulnerable to flood conditions. Discuss.   

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 5 

 Enumerate the problems and prospects of inland water transport in India.

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

 

Q. 6 

In what way micro -watershed development projects help in water conservation in drought- prone and semi-arid regions of India?

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

 

 

2015

Total Questions 7 /20: 7 Qs. of 12.5 Marks, 0 Qs. of 10 Marks.

Total Marks allotted to Polity is 87.5 Marks / 250 Total Marks.

Q. 1 

Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation?     

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 2 

How far do you agree that the behaviour of the Indian monsoon has been changing due to humanizing landscapes? Discuss.    

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 3 

India is well endowed with fresh water resources. Critically examine why it still suffers from water scarcity.    

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

Q. 4 

Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata are the three mega cities of the country but the air pollution is much more serious problem in Delhi as compared to the other two. Why is this so?  

 

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

 

Q. 5 

Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration.

 

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

 

Q. 6 

What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?    

 

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

 

Q. 7 

The states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are reaching the limits of their ecological carrying capacity due to tourism. Critically evaluate.

(200 WORDS, MARKS 12.5)

 

2014

Total Questions 10 /25: 0 Qs. of 12.5 Marks, 10 Qs. of 10 Marks.

Total Marks allotted to Polity is 100 Marks / 250 Total Marks.

Q. 1 

Most of the unusual climatic happenings are explained as an outcome of the El-Nino effect. Do you agree?

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 2 

Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? Bring out the association between the global distribution of fold mountains and the earthquakes and volcanoes.

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 3 

Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos.   

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 4 

Tropical cyclones are largely confined to South China Sea, Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mexico. Why?

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 5 

Bring out the relationship between the shrinking Himalayan glaciers and the symptoms of climate change in the Indian sub-continent.   

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 6 

Why did the Green Revolution in India virtually by-pass the eastern region despite fertile soil and good availability of water?

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 7 

Whereas the British planters had developed tea gardens all along the Shivaliks and Lesser Himalayas from Assam to Himachal Pradesh, in effect they did not succeed beyond the Darjeeling area. Explain.

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 8 

Account for the change in the spatial pattern of the Iron and Steel industry in the world.  

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 9 

Critically evaluate the various resources of the oceans which can be harnessed to meet the resource crisis in the world.

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 10 

How does India see its place in the economic space of rising natural resource rich Africa?  

(150  WORDS, MARKS 10 )

2013

Total Questions 7 /25: 0 Qs. of 12.5 Marks, 7 Qs. of 10 Marks.

Total Marks allotted to Polity is 70 Marks / 250 Total Marks.

Q. 1 

 (a) What do you understand by the theory of ‘continental drift’? Discuss the prominent evidence in its support.     

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

(b)The recent cyclone on east coast of India was called ‘Phailin’. How are the tropical cyclonesnamed across the world? Elaborate.

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

Q.  2 

 (a) Bring out the causes for the formation of heat islands in the urban habitat of the world.    

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

(b)What do you understand by the phenomenon of ‘temperature inversion’ in meteorology? How does it affect weather and the habitants of the place?       (100 words)  

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

Q. 3 

Major hot deserts in northern hemisphere are located between 20-300 N latitudes and on the western side of the continent. Why? (200 words)

(200 WORDS, MARKS 10 )

Q. 4 

 (a) Bring out the causes for more frequent occurrence of landslides in the Himalayas than in the Western Ghats. (100 words)

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

(b)There is no formation of deltas by rivers of the Western Ghats. Why?    

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

 

Q. 5 

 (a) Do you agree that there is a growing trend of opening new sugar mills in southern States of India? Discuss with justification. (100 Words)  

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

(b)Analyse the factors for the highly decentralized cotton textile industry in India.

(100 WORDS, MARKS 5 )

Q. 6 

With growing scarcity of fossil fuels, the atomic energy is gaining more and more significance in India. Discuss the availability of raw material required for the generation of atomic energy in India and in the world. (200 words)  

(200 WORDS, MARKS 10 )

 

Q. 7

It is said that India has substantial reserve of shale oil and gas, which can feed the needs of the country for quarter century. However, tapping of the resource does not appear to be high on the agenda. Discuss critically the availability and issues involved. (200 words)     

(200 WORDS, MARKS 10 )

 

For Any Query, Kindly contact either through Whatsapp on 70-42-450-466 or Email @